Due to the alarming amounts of pollution emitted annually and its drastic effects on the earth’s environment, various organizations are turning to alternative sources of energy and setting their sights on green technology.

Green technology, also known as environmental technology or clean technology, consists of ever-evolving techniques and innovative methods, using fewer toxic or non-toxic materials to curtail the adverse effects of pollution and preserve the natural environment. The term also describes technology that promotes the generation of energy by sustainable means such as wind turbines, hydroelectric plants, bioreactors, solar panels, etc.

Following are a few ways to use green technology in construction.

Cool roofs
Cool roofs are specifically designed roof coverings that increase solar reflections and decrease thermal emissivity, inhibiting the cool or warm air inside from escaping through the roof, consequently maintaining a standard room temperature. This form of green design technology, when compared to the traditional method, is especially useful in withering climates as it makes the indoor temperatures cooler by more than 50 degrees

Electrochromic smart glass
Smart glass plays a crucial role in the scorching summer months when you wish to block as many radiations from the sun as possible, and conventional awnings and shades fail to keep the interiors cool. This invention works to reduce the cost of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) along with the adverse environmental effect of air pollutants emitted by HVAC.

Smart glass is a dynamic innovative upgrade of the conventional glass, whose working principle consists of minute bursts of electricity that charge the ions on the window surface allowing them to reflect light. What distinguishes electrochromic glass from the low-emittance windows is its ability to allow the user to control the amount of light entering through the window.

Green insulation

Insulation from elements of the weather is the primary concern of any constructor, as proper insulations allow indoor temperatures to remain consistent and comfortable despite extreme climatic conditions. Wall insulation is achieved by filling the cavity between the walls with insulators; materials that inhibit heat transfer. Green insulation refers to the practice of using recycled material as insulators including cotton insulation composed of denim from disposed of jeans and cellulose insulation consisting of recycled newspaper.

Zero energy homes Zero energy homes or buildings refer to the modern constructions which operate off the electric grid by producing their own energy by utilizing renewable energy sources like wind and solar power by installing wind collector or solar panels respectively. The “zero” denotes negligible or non-existent carbon emission and net energy consumptions.

They are designed to be highly energy efficient with excellent insulation and are integrated with 
passive solar building design. This term refers to the use of specialized materials to construct walls, floors, and windows that can collect, store and distribute solar energy to meet the energy requirement of a modern home.

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